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Tradition in Thai's northeastern

The Thai traditions have consecutively been practiced for a long time, and such a deed indicates one of the identities of being Thai. Thus in the Thai's northeastern region, the people have ceremonies base on the tradition called "heed sib-sorng (ฮีตสิบสอง) korng sib-see (คองสิบสี่)".

"heed sib-sorng (ฮีตสิบสอง)" means the tradition that is practised according to the ceremonies of twelve months as follows:

1. For the first lunar month, the ceremony called "bun khao-grum (บุญเข้ากรรม) or fasting ceremony for meditation" is held.

2. For the second lunar month, the ceremony called "bun koon-larn (บุญคูณลาน) ceremony or celebrating rice yard before bringing rice to barn" is held.

3. For the third lunar month, "bun kharw-jee (บุญข้าวจี่) or whole rice made into balls and baked ceremony" is held.

4. For the fourth lunar month, "bun pra-wead (บุญพระเวส) ceremony" is held.

5. For the fifth lunar month, "sorng grarn (สงกรานต์) ceremony" is held.

6. For the sixth lunar month, "rocket ceremony or rocket festival" is held.

7. For the seventh lunar month, "bun sum-ha (บุญซำฮะ) ceremony or dispersing the bad and unlucky things" is held.

8. For the eighth lunar month, "Buddhist lent ceremony or khao pan-sar (เข้าพรรษา) ceremony" is held.

9. For the ninth lunar month, "bun kharw pra-dab-din (บุญข้าวประดับดิน) ceremony" is held.

10. For the tenth lunar month, "bun kharw-sarg or gra-yar-sard (กระยาสารท: Rice, bean, sesame, and sugar cooked into a sticky paste) ceremony" is held.

11. For the eleventh lunar month, "after Buddhist lent ceremony or org pan-sar (ออกพรรษา) caremony" is held.

12. For the twelfth lunar month, "ga-thin (กฐิน: Offerings made to all the priests in a temple) ceremony" is held.

The terms "korng sib-see (คองสิบสี่)" or "heed-barn korng-moerng (ฮีตบ้าน คองเมือง)" mean the fourteen moral patterns of the people's practice consisting of cleaning feet before entering a house, getting up early to give alms, not stepping on monks' shadows, respecting parents, paying homage to images of Buddha with flowers, candles and joss sticks and listening to teachings of Buddha everyday etc.

As for "korng-moerng", it means the principle that leaders of the nation have to keep in their minds for the justice in administering the country.

One of the most important ceremonies in the "heed sib-sorng (ฮีตสิบสอง)" is "bun pra-wead or garn tead-ma-har-chard (การเทศน์มหาชาติ)" mean the story of the last great incarnation of the Buddha, consisting of 13 episodes, held in March or the fourth lunar month. After the temples knowing that this ceremony is surely held, both laymen and laywomen will hold a meeting to discuss how to prepare and hold it. After agreeing with one another unanimously, they decorate a pavilion of the temple with variety colors of papers, flags, sugarcanes and coconut tree leaves. At about 4 a.m., the laymen and the laywomen go to the temple to listen to the "ma-har wead-san-dorn (มหาเวสสัญดร) jataka".

Vocabulary kum-sab
(คำศัพท์)

Reading
Northeastern ta-wan-org chiang-nhoer or ee-sarn
(ตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ or อีสาน)
Region parg
(ภาค)
Ceremony pi-tee
(พิธี)
Held yeud-theu
(ยึดถือ)
Leader poo-num
(ผู้นำ)
Episode gan or charg or torn
(กัณฑ์ or ฉาก or ตอน)
Laymen u-bar-sog
(อุบาสก)
Laywomen u-bar-si-gar
(อุบาสิกา)
Pavilion of the temple sar-lar wad
(ศาลาวัด)
Jataka char-dog
(ชาดก)
Thu, 15 May, 2003


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