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The Origins of the Wat Arun

During the golden era of Ayutthaya, then the flourishing capital of the country, sea-faring vessels flying the flag of various nations sailing up and down the "river of Kings" would make a stop at this junction of the Chao Phraya River known as Thonburi to obtain supplies and provisions which were in abundant supply in this vicinity. The sailors would stop in front of the old temple formerly known as Wat Makok (wad ma-gorg) or Wat Makok Nok (wad ma-gorg-norg).

It is said that the royal fleet of King Taksin (reading pra-jao targ-sin), the founder of the former capital of Thonburi, arrived at Wat Makok Nok precisely at dawn which he deemed auspicious. He stopped his vessel and disembarked to pay homage to the Holy Relic inside the pagoda. Thus the temple was subsequently referred to as Wat Chaeng (wad jaeng) the temple of dawn.

When King Taksin established Thonburi as the capital of the new kingdom, Wat Chaeng was designated a royal temple within the grand palace and became the seat of the statue of the Emerald Buddha. Later King Rama II restored the temple to its former glory and changed its name to Wat Arun Rachatharam. With a keen eye for art and architecture, the next king, King Rama III, the restoration of the temple structure was completed with the adornment of small pieces of fine china glinting in the sun. The name of the temple was changed once again to Wat Arun Ratchavararam (wad a-run rad-cha-wa-ra-rarm).

Source : The Tourism Authority of Thailand

Vocabulary kum-sab

Chao Phraya jao-pra-yar
Golden see-torng
Flourish mang-kang / rung-roerng
(มั่งคั่ง / รุ่งเรือง)
Known roo-jag
Abundant u-dom som-boon
Sailor charw-roer
Auspicious leug-dee
Disembark kheun-phang
Homage sag-gar-ra
Holy Relic pra-bor-rom sar-ree-rig-ga-tard
Pagoda pra-prarng / jea-dee
(พระปรางค์ / เจดีย์)
Established gor-tang
Royal Temple wad-lhuang
Restore sorm-saem / pa-ti-sang-khorn
(ซ่อมแซม / ปฏิสังขรณ์)
Adornment tog-taeng
Glory ngod-ngarm
Thu, 15 May, 2003

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